Table 3B

Synthesis of results: interventions facilitating national ML development

InterventionsAgents, activities or processes that can facilitate ML development nationally
1. National rules and regulationsSpecific governmental and organisational policies emboldening ML and its development
2. Nurturing environmentConditions enabling and stimulating doctors to develop and deploy ML competencies in daily practice
3. ResourcesInvestments in, for example, research, conditions (payed time for training and so on), high-quality training materials (eg, assessments) and guidance (eg, proficient trainers)
4. ChampionsTrusted and knowledgeable role models inspiring others to engage in ML development
5. Professional organisationsProfessional organisations actively supporting and facilitating ML development, nationally, locally and specialism specific
6. SupportActive supporting programmes/schemes at all levels (eg, individual, at work and in specialty) to enable ML development
7. TriggersCertain activities or processes that trigger ML development (eg, policy change and culture shift)
8. FrameworkPresence, status of dissemination and quality of a national ML framework
9. CollaborationCross-sectoral and interdisciplinary collaborations and partnerships in (clinical) leadership development
10. Supportive informationHigh-level administrative reports, documents and scientific work presenting evidence and background of ML and its importance
  • ML, medical leadership.