Table 4

Characteristics of peer-reviewed literature (programmes specific to women and UIM physicians)

Programmes specific to women and UIM physicians
CitationEDI infoProgramme(s)CountryStart yearContent: awareness/sensitivityTheory/frameworkStudy designOutcomesControls/ comparatorConfounders
PedagogyEDIEvaluation*QuantQualSelf-reportedObservable
Bauman et al, 201470SGUniversity of California Davis School of Medicine:
Women in Medicine and Health Science
USA2000-------O------
Chang et al, 201989SGAAMC:
Early Women Faculty Professional Development (EWIM)
Mid-career Women Faculty Professional Development (MWIM)
Drexel University:
Hedwig van Ameringen executive Leadership in Academic Medicine
USA1988
1995
-------O------
Helitzer et al, 201674----C------n/an/a
Chaudron et al, 202072SGUniversity of Rochester Medical Centre Career Development ProgrammeUSA2014-------O---------
Danhauer et al, 201973SGWake Forest School of Medicine:
Early Career Development Programme for Women (ECDPW)
 USA2014-------K------------
Gates et al, 201379SG URMBronx-Lebanon Hospital Centre Dental Faculty Development ProgrammeUSA2010-------------------
Guevara et al, 201880URMRobert Woods Johnson Foundation:
Harold Amos Medical Faculty Development Programme
USA2003-------O--- (quant) (quant)
Kvach et al, 201775SG URMAddis Ababa University, School of Medicine;
MEPI-Ethiopia
Ethiopia2011----------n/an/a
Nowling et al, 201876SGMedical University of South Carolina (MUSC) USA2013-------K------
Spalluto et al, 201777SGVanderbilt University Medical Centre: LIFT-OFFUSA2015-----K---------
Tilstra et al, 2012SGVeterans Affairs Women’s Health Fellowship ProgrammeUSA1994---------------
  • *O=Directly linked to objectives, C=Conceptual model reprofessional development of women in academic medicine [Magrane et al, J Women’s Health 1012; 12: 1244–1251; Bickel. J Women’s Health 2012; 21:1230–1231]. K=Kirkpatrick [Kirkpatrick, J.D. & Kirkpatrick, W.K. Kirkpatrick’s four levels of training evaluation. ATD Press, Alexandria, VA: 2016].

  • EDI, equity, diversity and inclusion; SG, sex/gender; URM, underrepresented minority.