Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Curriculum mapping to audit and grow longitudinal graduate medical education leadership training
  1. Andrew Goodwin1,
  2. Kathryn Hughes2,
  3. Joshua Hartzell1,
  4. William Rainey Johnson1
  1. 1Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
  2. 2Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, California, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Andrew Goodwin, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA; akgoodw{at}


Background Residents need and want practical leadership training, yet leadership curricula are lacking in graduate medical education (GME). We describe our process of curriculum mapping, a method for auditing a curriculum, and its role in iterative leadership curriculum development.

Aims To show how to create a curriculum map for auditing a curriculum using examples from our leadership curriculum and to demonstrate its value through case examples of leadership education integration into existing resident experiences.

Methods We selected our recent systematic review on current leadership curricula to prioritise leadership content given it was the basis for our initial curriculum. We identified existing resident experiences where training can occur. We use the selected content and training environments, layered with a modified Miller’s pyramid, to construct a curriculum map.

Results Our curriculum map provides an example of curriculum auditing that reveals opportunities for leadership training that could be integrated into current residency experiences. We provide case examples of application.

Discussion Effective leadership training should address critical topics and capitalise on experiential learning opportunities that exist within residency training programmes. The training must be seamlessly integrated into the demanding obligations of GME trainees, a process that can be achieved using curriculum mapping. Curriculum mapping can provide insight into a residency programme’s leadership curriculum and create a direction for future leadership curriculum development.

  • clinical leadership
  • curriculum
  • leadership assessment
  • medical leadership
  • trainees

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributors AG: primary/corresponding author of manuscript and figures/table. KH, JH, WRJ: coauthors significant edits in manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Disclaimer The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of Defense or the US Government.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.